Gambling and Depression


Gambling involves betting or staking something of value, including money, on the outcome of an event that is uncertain and depends on chance. It may take place in casinos, lotteries, online, or at home. Some forms of gambling are legal in some countries, while others are illegal. Many people enjoy gambling, and most do not have problems. However, some individuals develop an addiction to gambling that can lead to serious financial and social issues. Several studies have shown that pathological gambling (PG) is associated with depression and other mood disorders, and some of these conditions may be more common in men than in women.

Although the relationship between PG and depression has been studied extensively, many factors remain unclear. For example, a person’s inclination to gamble may be influenced by their genetic predisposition, their family history of mental illness, and/or the environment in which they live. Moreover, the directionality of these relationships is not yet clear; that is, it is not known whether depression precedes or follows the onset of PG.

Some of the reasons why a person gambles may include the desire to win money, to experience a thrill or “high,” and/or the hope that a big jackpot will change their life for the better. In addition, a person may begin gambling in an attempt to overcome a traumatic or difficult situation.

In the United States, most adults and adolescents have placed some type of bet. Almost all of these bets are made using real money, and some involve risking substantial amounts. A small percentage of these individuals exhibit pathological gambling, which is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th Edition) as persistent and recurrent maladaptive patterns of gambling behavior that cause significant distress or impairment.

The onset of a problem with gambling can be gradual or sudden, and it is often hidden from loved ones. Adolescents may try to hide their impulsive, addictive behavior, and they may lie to their parents about the amount of time and money that they spend gambling. In adulthood, some people continue to hide their gambling behavior even after they have a significant loss.

The first step in overcoming a gambling problem is admitting that you have a problem. Although this is a difficult step, it is an important one to take, especially if you have lost a large amount of money or strained or broken relationships as a result of your gambling habits. After you have admitted that you have a problem, it is important to seek help from professionals who can provide you with the tools and support that you need to break the habit. Several inpatient or residential treatment and recovery programs are available for those who are unable to manage their gambling issues without round-the-clock help. These programs typically focus on psychiatric and behavioral therapy, as well as group counseling and education. In some cases, a person may also need medication. In these cases, a physician can prescribe anti-depressants or other medications that will help ease the symptoms of a gambling addiction.